Theis mere weeks away, and pressure is mounting for negotiators a new that incorporates a . The finer points of a second round of payments, if one is approved, may differ slightly from , including that may yield .
How much you might get and who qualifies are certainly two main pieces to the stimulus check puzzle, and here’s a third — when will it happen, if it happens at all? The exact timeline depends on if lawmakers can agree on an overall price, but once a bill is signed into law (hypothetically, of course), we can actually estimate the soonest that five different groups of people could see a check.
And for a broader view, read up on the most. This story updates often.
A stimulus check timetable for the first group of payments
When and if another stimulus check gets the green light, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin has said it would take about a week to mobilize the first payments. “I can get out 50 million payments really quickly. A lot of it into people’s direct accounts.”
We’ve speculated potential dates based on calendars from the House of Representatives and the Senate, and also based on a statement from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who vowed to keep her chamber in session until a deal is reached.
For reference, we include the timeline for the now-expired. The payments don’t go out to everyone at once, so read on for which groups of people could get their payment first.
When could the second stimulus checks go out?
|Date passed by Senate||Date passed by House||Date signed||First checks sent|
|Original CARES Act||March 25||March 26||March 27||April 15|
|If Senate passes||If House passes||If president signs||First checks could be sent|
|Final negotiated bill||Sept. 30||Oct. 1||Oct. 2||Week of Oct. 12|
|Oct. 9||Oct. 13||Oct. 14||Week of Oct. 19|
|Dec. 1||Dec. 2||Dec. 3||Week of Dec. 7|
|If order signed||Direct deposit could start||First paper checks could start||First EIP cards could start|
|Presidential order||Sept. 13||Week of Sept. 19||Week of Oct 26||Week of Nov. 16|
Who could get a stimulus check first? There’s an order
It’s likely the IRS would keep roughly the same system for sending out the second stimulus check that it used the first time, including the IRS Get My Payment tool for tracking your stimulus check and registering for direct deposit.
That means the agency might also follow the same order for distributing payments, which led some to receive their checks days or even weeks sooner than others. Some are still waiting for their first checks. Here’s how it went for the checks that were sent starting April 15:
Direct deposit: Roughly 80 million people who filed 2018 or 2019 tax returns and had already provided the IRS with their direct deposit information (according to the House Committee on Ways and Means). May 13 was .
Social Security beneficiaries: People who had direct deposit information on file with federal agencies; many still received their checks in the first week, though perhaps not the first day.
Paper checks: The IRS began to mail these about a week later to people without direct deposit data on file.
Economic Impact Payment debit cards: Prepaid Visa cards that were sent to around 4 million people starting in mid-May.
Last group: Anyone who received their checks after June or is still waiting to receive their stimulus payment. Direct payments will continue through the end of 2020 for some individuals who were not part of the previous groups. Here’s what could be holding up the stimulus check delivery for some and how to contact the IRS to report a missing, lost or stolen check.
When could the IRS complete sending the checks?
While we expect the bulk of people to get their money sooner, if the first round is any indication, it could still take months for the IRS to send all the checks. Six months after the first stimulus payments went out, the federal agency is still trying towho may be owed money.
And even with the experience of processing roughly 160 million payments in the IRS’ back pocket, some would probably need to clear a few hurdles to receive their money. Here are common bumps that.
3 reasons you could potentially see a delay
We won’t know details unless, or until, a new bill passes and the IRS gears up to send another round of checks, but here are sticking points to watch for.
Changes to aid for dependents: If Congress expends or narrowsin the next bill, it could require the IRS to adjust its accounting system. That may potentially slow processing your payment. if the rules change to include more people as eligible dependents.
Banking status: If your banking status changes, it could hold up receipt of your payment. Banking status disproportionately impacted Black Americans and other people of color, according to an analysis by the think tank Urban Institute. People who identify as white and whose incomes were above the poverty line were more likely to have received their first stimulus check by the end of May than people who identify as Black, Hispanic or below the poverty line, the analysis found.
Nonfilers need to take an extra step: People who earn below the threshold to be required to file federal income tax returns in 2018 or 2019 also would not get a stimulus check unless they completed an online form for the IRS. This group includes low-income families with children and a far greater number of Black people and people of color. Over 9 million people have.
If you’re seeking additional resources
If you’re still waiting on the first round of payments, you can, learn and find possible .
And here are resources aboutand , , and , and how to .